8. Rockpalast Night 28.-29. March 1981
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In memory of John Entwistle 10/09/1944 - 06/27/2002
WDR text 1981: The Who is one of the most successful and well-known international rock bands. They belong to the first generation of English groups that are today still active. The Who was formed in 1964 by guitarist Pete Townshend. Their first names were 'The Detours' and 'The High Numbers'. Their first appearances took place in Shepherd's Bush, an outlying district of London. The Who soon made a name of themselves as the favorite band of the 'Mods'. This was an English youth movement of the '60s and could be identified by their short hair, well-groomed clothing, parkas and souped-up scooters. They brought attention to themselves through sometimes violent clashes with 'Rockers', mostly on weekends in the English seaside resorts. The music the Mods played was black, American soul and rhythm and blues bands, or also groups like The Who. The popularity of The Who also came from their energy-filled, aggressive live appearances. Of particular attention was Roger Daltrey pulling the mike to himself with lasso movements, or the way Townshend moved his guitar with such movements that it reminded one of a turning windmill. At many appearances, many parts of the set-up and instruments would end up broken. The unpredictable drummer Keith Moon and Townshend, also, were always there for these happenings. The destruction happened more or less by accident. In a later interview, Townshend tells about an appearance in a club with very low ceilings; without realizing it, he jumped too high and hit the ceiling, breaking the neck of his guitar. Since this event was so well-received, it became the group's identity symbol.
The Who's first singles showed that the group had a musician that could write
songs that were above average in Pete Townshend. Songs like 'I Can't Explain',
'Substitute', 'My Generation' or, later, 'Baba O'Reiley', 'Pinball Wizard' or 'Won't
Get Fooled Again', are classics of rock music. The Who became the international
attraction that they are today, first of all, with 'Tommy', a 'rock opera' from
Townshend. 'Tommy' became an institution; there have been presentations in opera
houses and theater; A movie version was made, and for several years, The Who, as a
group, could not be separated from these productions, something that they themselves
did not like.
They broadened their activities. For example, their own films, such as the documentation 'The Kids are Alright', or 'Quadrophenia' were realized. Individual band members fulfilled solo projects: John Entwistle undertook a tour with his own band, and Roger Daltrey made his mark as an actor in different movies.
But The Who stayed together. They count amongst the most popular live bands from the '70s and played long tours, especially in the USA, to umpteen thousand fans. The concerts were always full of energy and surprises. On records (such as 'Who's Next' and 'Quadrophenia'), Townshend proved that he was not at a loss of words for good songs and concepts. It was also he that showed in many interviews and in other statements that he had absolutely no desire to just retire or to live off of old successes. The group was not ready to give up as The Who, even after the death of one of their founding members, Keith Moon. A new line-up was formed with drummer Kenny Jones, and the keyboard player, Jahn 'Rpicst' Bundrick.
Townshend has been actively and intensively taking care of the new development in English rock music in recent years, and still sees The Who as a group that can still give exciting concerts. The England tour showed that also, where The Who has been playing since early 1981. A large part of their repertoire comes from new songs; the on-stage performance doesn't have much in common with typical superstar behavior. That's not without planning. To that, Townshend says: "As a rock band, we are on tour in 1981 because we want to play to an audience that has fun with good rock'n'roll."
The members of The Who, though, are more devoted to their solo projects. Townshend released the LP, 'Empty Glass', Daltrey played in movies and Entwistle recorded his 5th solo LP. After the release of the LP 'It's Hard', and a US tour, Townshend announced the dissolution of The Who. The last appearance in Toronto was used for a TV documentation and the live LP, 'Who's Last'. In 1985, The Who played together for the first time for the Live-Aid Concert. For their 25th anniversary, they gave a US tour with 43 appearances. That led to a new edition of 'Tommy', with Billy Idol, Elton John and Patti LaBelle, which showed up as CD, LP and video. In 1996, The Who could be seen at a presentation of 'Quadrophenia' in London's Hyde Park, for the benefit of the Prince's Trust. The concert's success led to The Who going on tour with 'Quadrophenia': In 1996 in the USA, and in 1997 in Europe. In Germany, Quadrophenia could be seen 5 times. Zak Starkey, the son on Ringo Star, played the drums, and Townshend's brother, Simon was the guitarist. On June 27, 2002 John Entwistle died during the USA tour. After 24 years Who's Townshend and Daltrey published a new Who Album "Endless Wire" in 2006.
"At the occasion of a rehearsal in the London Rainbow, Peter met Pete Townshend. A
long discussion developed, during which it came out that Townshend had seen the live
airing of the last Rocknacht, with Graham Parker, The Police and Jack Bruce on
English TV. For him, that was the only possibility to go on TV: Only live. Peter was
impressed in the discussion by Townshend's concentration. He listened very carefully
and wanted to know everything in exact detail. They noticed that right away in
Essen. One always had the feeling that he had a large interest in learning something
new, and to exchange himself with others, which stood in contrast to his to his
position as the central man of a rock institution. - Christian visited some concerts
of the English tour and came to the conclusion that The Who '81 was a completely
normal rock band that had good and bad days. When you watch a complete concert from
this group, it soon becomes clear on how few single details a myth can be built
upon. No way did they constantly do sommersaults and throw around the
Pete Townshend - g, voc
01 Substitute (2'43'') 02 I Can't Explain (2'20'') 03 Baba O'Reily (5'12'') 04 The Quit One (3'29'') 05 Don't Let Go The Coat (3'46'') 06 Sister Disco (5'11'') 07 You Better You Bet (4'56'') 08 Drowned (5'18'') 09 Behind Blue Eyes (3'26'') 10 Another Tricky Day (5'50'') 11 Pinball Wizard (3'15'') 12 Who Are You (6'23'') 13 5:15 (6'06'') 14 My Generation (3'40'') 15 Won't Get Fooled Again (9'10'') 16 Summertime Blues (3'14'') 17 Twist And Shout (3'12'') 18 See Me, Feel Me
My Generation (1965) Decca SL 74664 The Who (1966) Polydor 2383137 A Quick One (1966) Reaction 593002 The Who Sell Out (1967) Polydor 2675089 Magic Bus: The Who on Tour (1968) Direct Hits (1968) Track Tommy (1969) Polydor 2612006 Live At Leeds (1970) Track 2406001 Who`s Next (1971) Track 2408102 Meaty, Beaty, Big and Bouncy (S) (1971) Track/Decca Quadrophenia (1973) Track 2657013 Odds And Sods (1974) Track 2406116 Tommy (Soundtrack) (1975) Track 2625028 The Who By Numbers (1975) Polydor 2480309 The Story of the WHO (S) (1976) Polydor Who Are You (1978) Polydor 2417325 Quadrophenia (Soundtrack) (1979) Polydor 2625037 The Kids Are Alright (Soundtrack) (1979) Polydor 2675179 Face Dances (1981) Polydor 2311065 It's Hard (1982) Polydor 2311180 Who's Last (1984) MCA 251512 Whos's better Who's best (S) (1988) Polydor Join Together Live (1989) Virgin VDT 102 Thirty Years of Maximum R&B (1994) MCA Live at the Isle of Wight (1996) Castle The WHO BBC Sessions (2000) Polydor/BBC/Universal Live At Leeds (2001) MCA/Universal Deluxe Edition My Generation: Very Best of (2002) Polydor The Who's Next (2003) MCA/Universal Deluxe Edition + Bonus Tracks Live At The Royal Albert Hall (2003) SPV My Generation (2003) MCA SACD Tommy - Deluxe Edition (2004) MCA SACD The Who Singles Box (2004) Polydor Then And Now 1964-2004 (2004) Universal plus 2 new recordings Wire & Glass (2006) Polydor Live from Toronto (2006) Immortal (Cargo Records) 2Cds Endless Wire (2006) Polydor Live At The Isle Of Wight 1970 (2009) Eagle/edel Greatest Hits & More (2010) Polydor Greatest Hits Live (2010) Geffen Live At Leeds (2010) 40th Anniversary Edition 4CD,1LP,1Single Quadrophenia Directors Cut Box (2011) Polydor 4CD, DVD-A, 7"Single, 100 pages Book Live At Hull 1970 (2012) Polydor Tommy (2013) Universal Supe Deluxe 3CD, 1BD, 80p. Book Quadrophenia Live In London (2014) Universal 2 CD The Who Hits 50! (2014) Universal 2 CD Classic Quadrophenia (2015) Universal My Generation (2016) Universal 5 CDs Tommy -Live The Royal Albert Hall (2017) Eagle Blu-ray/2CD/3LP Live At The Fillmore East 1968 (2018) Universal 2CD Who (2019) Universal
Who's Better Who's Best (1988) Polydor 30 Years Of Maximum R&B Live The Kids Are Alright Tommy Universal DVD Quadrophenia Universal DVD Live Tommy CMV Video 49028-2 Live at the Isle of Wight (2000) Warner 85 Min. DVD Who's Next (2000) Eagle Rock DVD Live At The Royal Albert Hall (2000) Image DVD The Vegas Job - Reunion Concert (2003) Icestorm DVD The Kids Are Alright (2004) Sanctuary 2DVDs Directors Cut Live In Boston (2004) Warner Vision Quadrophenia & Tommy, Live (2005) 3 DVDs, NTSC Live At The Royal Albert Hall (2006) Sony/BMG + Bonus DVD Who's Better Who's Best (2006) Universal Amazing Journey: The Story of the Who (2007) Universal/DVD Retroperspectives (2008) Soulfood DVD/Audiobiography/Booklet At Kilburn 1977 (2009) Sony BMG Maximum RB Live (2009) Universal Bonus Rockpalast 1981 Live Live In Texas '75 (2012) Eagle Sensation - The Story Of Tommy (2014) Eagle Quadrophenia Live In London (2014) Universal 2 BD/ 2 DVD DVD Collector's Box (2014) inakustik 2DVDs Amazing Story: The Story Of The Who (2015) Universal Fan Edition 3DVD Live At Shea Stadium 1982 (2015) Eagle Vision/Edel Live In Hyde Park (2015) Eagle Vision/Edel Blu-ray Tommy -Live At The Royal Albert Hall (2017) Eagle Blu-ray/2CD/3LP
The Who Internet:
The WHO Net
01. Moderation Albrecht Metzger and Alan Bangs
WDR text 1981: GRATEFUL DEAD is a rock band from San Francisco, USA, with a 15-year history (1981 - the complete history is about 30 years). The members of the band got themselves together through the initiative of guitarist, Jerry Garcia, in 1965. After many line-ups and names like 'Mother McCree's Uptown Jug Champions', or 'The Warlocks', Grateful Dead's final line-up took hold with Jerry Garcia, Bob Weir (rhythm guitar, song), Bill Kreutzmann (drums), Ron 'Pigpen' McKernen (keyboard), and Phil Lesh (bass).
As with many other musicians at that time, Grateful Dead also attempted to newly define American rock music. The most important goal of this band was to entertain their audiences with good live concerts. From the very beginning, Grateful Dead was the band that was most closely associated with the happenings in San Francisco, which, even nowadays, are still falsely described with slogans such as 'Haight Ashbury', 'Flower Power' or 'Acid Tests'. The group considers itself to be a collective which wants to contribute to the realization of another American dream. Grateful Dead gave innumerable free concerts or used their income to support the most unusual alternative organisations.
They were the local band in San Francisco. In the beginning, they thought of themselves musically as "somehow an electric rhythm and blues band". They increasingly developed their own style, which, on the one hand, was made up of multiple voice harmonies and, on the other hand, was made up of long, drawn-out instrumental improvisations. The Grateful Dead's repertoire started out with well- known rock'n'roll standards together with adaptions of country songs. Working together with all the members of the band, Robert Hunter, a poet and songwriter, helped the Grateful Dead write their own songs. Robert Hunter still writes most texts for the group and is mostly responsible for the development of their own style. Grateful Dead concerts were and are cultural events. They usually last from 3 to 4 hours. After the group made a record contract in 1967, the name Grateful Dead also became known internationally. Tours, equipped with considerable technical expenses, followed.
In spite of this expansion, the group held onto it's principle as a collective: The work tempo was not fixed by commercial interests. The group's tours were a money losing job. Another example of the good connections between the group and their fans is the setting-up of their own fan base, the 'Dead Heads', through which the group communicates steadily and directly with it's fans. The innumerable reactions and inquiries that came in to the Rockpalast staff after the announcement that the Dead would be appearing at the next Rockpalast-Nacht (28 March, 1981), show how widely distributed this fan base is in Europe.
In the mid '70s, the Grateful Dead turned to another project: A movie about themselves. Live concerts were taped in 1974 and l975, and the premiere of the two- hour long documentary took place one year later. On the side, the individual members fulfilled solo projects. On top of records, new bands were formed, such as 'The Jerry Garcia Band', or 'Kingfish'. Other projects and bands, like 'The New Riders of the Purple Sage', which had already been around for a while, were worked on more.
After these outings, the musicians decided at the end of the '70s to do more things together under their common name. They released records that showed that the Dead, even after 15 years, still counted amongst the most important and best bands in the USA. Since that time, the group undertook once again extended tours. Grateful Dead concerts are now, as before, still events that last many hours and are visited by constantly increasing numbers of fans.
Grateful Dead's appearance will be the only one on the European continent. Between their 1972 tour and today, the group undertook only one trip outside the USA, to give a concert in front of the pyramids of Gizeh (Egypt). The reason for that was very simple: They wanted to play there simply because the atmosphere of this historical place was so impressive.
Grateful Dead's appearance before millions of fans at the Rockpalast-Festival on March 28th,1981, will surely be quite an event, since they always regard meetings between their world views and their audiences as special. Just the announcement that the group doesn't want to play for less than 3 hours already sets the conditions for a special night.
The 1981 tour was kept on two live albums. The Dead regularly toured through the
states in the following years. The group controlled the Dead Imperium themselves,
such as ticket sales, etc. In 1986, Jerry Garcia fell into a coma that lasted many
days, brought on through drug rehab and diabetes. The end threatened. Miraculously,
Garcia did recover and in 1987, after seven years, the Deads were back with their
first studio LP. The LP 'In the Dark', became the most successful record till then,
and also went platinum.
"The Dead had decided to begin the European trip. We returned to London. Closing
talks were standing. An appointment at 3 p.m. in a hotel with a view onto Hyde Park.
Rock Scully asked us into his place, the Hostility Suite, rented for this purpose.
There were more rooms were nobody lived in. The meeting between the Dead and the
outside world took place here. The guests were entertained; the group knew that that
was a starting point. Whoever wanted, could come by. Bill Kreutzmann and his son were
the first ones to appear. They were watching a rugby game on TV. The next one was
Bob Weir, who had just finished his round of jogging in the park. Then, Jerry Garcia
too. Idea. "Yes, good, it will definitely be great. We want appearances like that.
I've got to go in the next room quickly." He spoke, disappeared, and was not to be
seen anymore in the next hour. We continued the talks over other different points
and then had the chance to talk with Garcia, Weir, Mickey Hart and Phil Lesh about
their appearance in Essen. We wanted to plant an acoustic bug in their ears. The
reaction showed us that one important reason for the long existence of the Dead are
the different opinions in this group. Weir found our idea good, Garcia didn't at
all. Conflicts between the two of them; for us, it was a little painful, then, the
Grateful Dead's solution: "Let's wait till we're in Essen." With that, Garcia was
out of the room again.
Jerry Garcia - g, voc
01 Alabama Getaway (4'10'') 02 Graetest Story Ever Told (4'35'') 03 Sugaree (12'31'') 04 Me And My Uncle (3'50'') 05 Mexicali Blues (3'17'') 06 Shakedown Street (11'49'') 07 Little Red Rooster (8'14'') 08 Althea (9'20'') 09 Looks Like Rain (8'20'') 10 Deal (8'50'') 11 Samson And Delilah (6'42'') 12 Ship Of Fools (8'00'') 13 Estimated Prophet (12'46'') 14 He's Gone (10'20'') 15 The Other One (7'00'') 16 The Beast - Drum solos (incl.Flying Karamazov Brothers) (24'02'') 17 Not Fade Away * (11'30'') 18 Wharf Rat * (9'30'') 19 Around And Around * (4'00'') 20 Good Lovin' (7'25'') 21 One More Saturday Night (4'30'') (* = with Pete Townshend)
Note: I don't know if there is an complete discography anywhere, because of the tons of bootlegs, the Dead's always allowed to tape there concerts!
The Grateful Dead (1967) Warner WS 1689 Anthem Of The Sun (1968) Warner 46021 Aoxamoxoa (1969) Warner 46027 Live Dead (1969) Warner 66002 Workingman's Dead (1970) Warner 46049 American Beauty (1971) Warner 46074 The Grateful Dead (1971) Warner 66009 Europe'72 (1972) Warner 66019 Wake Of The Flood (1973) Grateful Dead 01 From The Mars Hotel (1974) Grateful Dead 102 Blues For Allah (1975) Grateful Dead 494 Steal Your Face (1976) Grateful Dead 620 Shakedown Street (1978) Arista 201133 Terrapin Station (1977) Arista 201190 Go To Heaven (1980) Arista 201180 Reckoning (1981) Arista 201621 Dead Set (1981) Arista 201738 In The Dark (1987) Arista 208564 Built to Last (1989) Arista Without a Net (1990) Arista - Live Infrared Roses (1991) Grateful Dead Records Two From the Vault (1992) Grateful Dead Records Hundred Year Hall (1995) Grateful Dead Records Fallout from the Phil Zone (1997) Grateful Dead 89522/TIS 2CD Live at Fillmore East (1997) Arista So Many Roads 1965-1995 (1999) Golden Road 1965-1973 (2001) 12 CD Box all Warner Records View From the Vault, Vol. 2 (2001) Grateful Dead Records Grateful Dead Documentary (2001) Grateful Dead Records Steppin' Out With Grateful Dead (2002) GMD/Arista - England '72 View From the Vault, Vol. 3 (2002) Grateful Dead Records Go to Nassau (2002) Grateful Dead Records Live American Beauty (2003) AudioDVD The Very Best Of (2003) Warner Rockin' The Rhein (2004) Rhino/Warner 3CDs 24.April 1972 Düsseldorf Beyond Description 1973-1989 (2004) Rhino/Warner 12 CD Box Rare Cuts and Oddities 1966 (2005) Grateful Dead Records The Grateful Dead Movie Soundtrack (2005) Grateful Dead Records Truckin' Up To Buffalo (2005) Rhino/Warner 4th July 1989 Steal Your Face (2006) Rhino/Warner DoCD Filmore West 1969 (2006) Rhino/Warner 3CDs Dead Set (2006) Rhino/Warner [Expanded - Original Recording Remastered - 2CDs] Live At The Cow Palace (2007) GDStore.com - New Years Eve, 1976 Three From The Vault (2007) Rhino/Warner Rare Recordings (2008) Soulfood Rockin The Cradle - Egypt 1978 (2008) Rhino/Warner 2CD To Terrapin: Hartford 77 (2009) Rhino/Warner 3CD Winterland 1973 (2009) Rhino/WSM 9-CD-Boxset Crimson, White, Indigo (2010) Rhino/Warner 2CD+DVD Philadelphia July 7, 1989 Europe '72 Vol.2 (2011) Rhino/Warner 2CD New Years Eve 1987 (2012) inakustik Spring 1990 - So Glad You Made It (2012) Rhino 2CD Sunshine Daydream (2013) Warner 3CD Wake Up To Find Out (2014) Warner 3CDs WCUW Worcester Massachusetts 1988 (2014) Soulfood 2CDs The Best Of (2015) Warner 2CDs Thirty Trips Around The Sun (2015) Warner 4CD-Box Live Story 1965-1995 Fare Thee Well Complete Box (2015) Rhino July 3, 4 & 5 2015 Fare Thee Well (2015) Rhino July 5th 2015 Best Of Fare Thee Well (2015) Rhino July 3, 4 & 5 2015 Red Rocks #7/8/78 (2016) Warner 3CDs Capitol Theater Passaic NJ'78 (2016) Soulfood 50th Anniversary Edition (2017) Warner 2CDs Laughter, Love And Music (2017) inakustik 2CD Fox Theatre St.Louis 1971 (2017) Soulfood 3CD Cornell 5/8/77 (2017) Warner 3CDs The Best Of Grateful Dead Live (2018) Warner 2CD / 2LP Pacific Northwest 73-74 (2018) Rhino/Warner 3CDs Aoxamoxoa 50th Anniversary (2019) Rhino/Warner Deluxe Edition 2CD Giants Stadium 1987,1989,1991 (2019) Rhino/Warner 14CD+2DVD
The Movie (1976) Monterey Video Video/DVD Dead Ahead Live (1982) BMG (Video) Monterey Video DVD So Far (1987) Arista Touch of Grey (1991) Arista Backstage Pass (1992) Grateful Dead Infrared Sightings (1995) Image The Grateful Dead: Gift Set (1996) Monterey Video Ticket to New Year's (1996) Monterey Video - Live Collector's Box Set Edition (1997) Monterey Video Downhill From Here (1997) Monterey Video Anthem to Beauty (1998) Rhino/Eagle Rock classic albums Collection (1998) Monterey Video A View From the Vault (2000) Monterey Video Video/DVD Grateful Dead Box Set/Live Dead (2000) Monterey Video Video/DVD Anthem to Beauty (2001) Edel DVD View From the Vault, Vol. 2 (2001) Monterey Video Video/DVD live View From the Vault, Vol. 3 (2002) Monterey Video Video/DVD live View From the Vault: Collection (2002) Monterey Video 3 DVD Set Dead Ahead Live (2002) BMG DVD 74321 94425 9 (Radio City Music Hall New York) View from the Vault, Vol. 4 (2003) Monterey Video live Grateful Dawg (2003) Colunmbia/Tristar DVD J.Garcia + David Grisman The Grateful Dead Movie (2004) Monterey Media 30th Anniversary Deluxe Edition Closind Of Winterland (2004) 12-31-1978 2DVDs Monterey The End of the Road (2005) Monterey Media Video live Truckin' Up to Buffalo (2005) Monterey Media - Live July 4, 1989 Jerry Garcia - Live at Shoreline (2005) Warner Rockin The Cradle - Egypt 1978 (2008) Rhino/Warner DVD Dawn Of The Dead (2012) Chrome Dreams/inakustik The Grateful Dead Movie (2013) Ascot Elite 2DVDs Fare Thee Well (2016) Rhino/Warner DVD+3CDs Long Strange Trip (2019) Rhino
Grateful Dead Internet:
Grateful Dead Net - Official
Fotos © WDR/Manfred Becker